The Ngorongoro Crater, a large, unbroken and unflooded volcanic caldera, was formed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed on itself some two or three million years ago. The 100 sq mile crater floor sits about 2,000 feet below the crater rim. The World Heritage Site is Tanzania’s only conservation area, which is unique as it aims to maintain the historical balance of people and nature that has existed in the Crater for more than 17,000 years.
Aside from herds of Zebra, Gazelle, and Wildebeest, the crater is home to the Big Five (Rhinoceros, Lion, Leopard, Elephant, and Buffalo) with an estimated 25,000 large animals in the crater.
The Ngorongoro Conservation Area includes 3,201 sq miles of protected areas along the Eastern border of the Serengeti. Located 110 miles West of Arusha, Ngorongoro can be reached by car or by scheduled flights.